Top Seven laws related to Women Safety

1. Law Against Acid Attack, 2013

The lives of girls are being ruined by acid attacks for the purpose of unilateral love and for some of their nefarious purposes and such type of cases are increasing day by day. The government has enacted some laws to curb this rising crime. Section 326A of the IPC Act states that if an acid attack is committed on a person, then the offender is liable to 10 years imprisonment or the same punishment is extended to life imprisonment with fine. Also, if an offender tries to carry out an acid attack, then under section 326 B of the IPC, he is sentenced to 5 years in prison or It can be extend up to 7 years' imprisonment with fine. Using the same laws, the government is cracking down on criminals who are throwing acid on a girl's face and body for their own deranged purposes and trying to destroy their lives.

2. Law Against Rape Cases, 2013

In today's world, as the success stories of women continue to grow, similarly, the number of rapes against them is also increasing. In 2013, the government enacted some laws to reduce the number of rape cases, as well as to punish the criminal severely and provide protection to women. Under the Section 375 of IPC, if the victim is raped and murdered or if the victim goes into a semi-dead state, where she will not be able to give her statement, then offender could face up to 20 years in prison or life imprisonment. As well as according to the 376-D of IPC law, if the girl was raped by group of people at the same time, then every rapist in that group was sentenced to 20 years in prison. Also, according to Section 376-E of IPC if an accused is found guilty of rape for the second time then he is directly sentenced to life imprisonment.

3.Protection of Women From Domestic Violence Act, 2005

The domestic violence against women after marriage, or before marriage is not decreasing. The woman is subjected to menstrual or physical injury .Many women are beaten by their in-laws, her independence is taken away from her, She is tortured for not giving dowry, she is also blamed for not having a child . This happened after marriage but even before marriage, in some cases woman's family beats her when she wants to marry a person of her choice. The Indian government enacted a law in 2005 to stop this atrocity against women. Accordiong to the "Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005", if a woman is subjected to domestic violence, So the court punished the accused with non-bailable offence with one year imprisonment or with fine which may extend to twenty thousand rupees or with both.

4.Law Against Sexual Harassment of Women At Workplace, 2013

Nowadays, women are working alongside men in all fields. But in many fields, such as companies, offices, film industry and many more, women are being sexually abused. In some places, they are forced to have physical relationship in order to get promotions, to keep their jobs, and to earn a good salary. Some women face all this without fear but some women are forced to endure this oppression for fear of losing their job or any other fear. The Indian government enacted a law in 2013 called Sexual Harassment of women at workplace act to stop this heinous atrocity against women. According to section 354 A of IPC, the accused is sentenced from one to three years imprisonment and/or a fine. Now the only hope is that this disgusting atrocity against women will stop using this law.

5.Act Against Female Foeticide, 1996

In today's world, women are proving their skills and strength by fighting hard despite facing innumerable problems, while on the other hand, some ruthless people are killing so many girls before they come to this world. According to a survey conducted in 2016, there are 1.5 million cases of female feticide from all over the world in which our country India was at 4th rank which is a great shame for us. The biggest reason for this crime is the prenatal sex screening that is being told in hospitals illegally. It is currently illegal in India to determine or disclose sex of the foetus to anyone. The Indian government enacted a law in 1996 to curb the crime of wanting a boy and not a girl. The Indian government has passed Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act (PCPNDT) to ban the illegal sex screening. According to the law, the convicts are sentenced to 3 years imprisonment and a fine of Rs 50,000.

6.Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961

Regardless of the culture, the practice of demanding dowry from a girl's family at a wedding has been a tradition for a long time. Due to this very bad practice, marriage of girls was a big burden to her family. If the girl's family does not pay the dowry or pays less, then the woman is also greatly harassed by her in-laws after marriage. Therefore the "Dowry Prohibition Act" was enacted by the Indian government in 1961 to address and curb this serious problem. According to the law, if people from the groom's party or the bride's party demand a dowry, then they will be prosecuted. The accused in the case was sentenced to 7 years imprisonment under Section 304-B of IPC which can be extended up to life imprisonment. Due to this excellent law, the tradition of dowry has been greatly reduced. But this crime is still happening in some rural areas that needs to be stopped.

7. The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006

Our India was ranked third in 2014 for the problem of child marriage in the whole world. Early marriage causes mental, physical and social stress to both the boy and the girl, but it has a greater impact on girls.Opportunities for education are reduced and personality development is not done properly. According to section 3 of IPC, if a young boy under the age of 21 marries a girl under the age of 18, then the young boy is sentenced to 15 days imprisonment or a fine of up to one thousand rupees, or with both. Also as per section 4 of IPC, if a male above 21 years of age, contracts a child marriage shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to three months and shall also be liable to fine. Also under Section 5 of IPC, people whoever performs, conducts or directs any child marriage are remanded in custody for up to 3 months.

AUTHOR

Harshada Gangaram Kokate