Martin Luther king, a Baptist minister and a civil rights activist, is remembered for his ‘I have a dream’ speech. He has campaigned aggressively against the segregation of blacks in the southern US. He was a stout follower of Gandhi; hence all his protests were nonviolent. He was awarded the Nobel peace prize at the age of 35(in 1964). Though he was shot dead in the year 1968, he is still remembered as a dignified and passive resistor against an unjust society and is inspired by many. He was that kind of person who leave impression on mankind even by a 5-minute speech.
One of the most genius minds that has ever lived on the planet who is also known as the father of modern physics. As a child itself, he had a very original way of thinking. The period of lobe in Einstein’s brain was 15% larger than that of an average brain. His famed theory of relativity and his infinite quotability has made him a symbol of intelligence worldwide. He received Nobel Peace Prize for the discovery of the law of photoelectric effect in 1921. He was a talented musician. If not scientist, he wanted to be a musician. Even today “Einstein” is the name that comes to most our minds when we think of scientists.
The most celebrated playwright of the English language. He changed the face of English literature. He began his career as an actor and later on moved to writing plays. In his entire lifetime he wrote about 37 plays including Romeo & Juliet, Othello, Hamlet, and many more infamous plays. He is also credited to writing 154 love poems and sonnets. Not only these, he also introduced about 2000 words to English dictionary. His writing has been translated into every single language, making him one of the only writers who is universally popular. In 1613, the globe theatre burned to the ground during the performance of “Henry VIII”. After that he stopped writing even though the theatre was rebuilt again.
Gandhi was a lawyer, a great political & spiritual leader whose simple lifestyle & religious tolerance was adopted by several world leaders. He campaigned against the British oppression and negotiated with them until 1947. He initiated several nonviolent movements like the civil disobedient movement, non-corporation movement etc. and led India to independence. Even after the independence from British, India was not a peaceful country due to the partition of Pakistan from India and hence the violent clashes between the Hindus and the Muslims. On 30 January 1948 as Gandhi completed two-day hunger strike in New Delhi, he was shot dead by a Hindu nationalist Nathuram Godse at the age of 78.
He is known as the iconic fascist leader of Germany who ruled the country from 1933 to 1945. His early years and rise to power show us how one man used fear and anger of the German people to manipulate other human beings. His aim was to create a German where only Aryan, pale skin, blond hair and blue eyed, Race lived and flourished. His hatred towards the Jewish people led to the Holocaust a brutal genocide of about 6 million people who were forced and killed in concentration camps in East Germany. After years of death and destruction, in 1945 world war II was finally over and the allies won the war. He finally agreed to marry Eva Braun, but only if she agreed to a suicide pact with him. On 30 April 1945, just one day after his marriage, Soviet soldiers were closing in on Hitler’s bunker. But by the time they entered couple committed suicide in order to avoid the capture by Soviet Army.
He is one of the best-known entrepreneurs of the personal computer revolution. At the age of 13, still studying in the high school level, Bill Gates developed his first computer program and later on co-founded Microsoft and by 1993 he was the richest man on the Earth. He is also an author, public speaker, extremely prominent philanthropist. In 2000, he along with his wife started the world’s largest charity, ‘The Bill& Melinda Gates Foundation’. Have energy, ask for advice, work hard, don’t procrastinate, are some his rules for success.
Nelson Mandela, former president of South Africa (from 1994-1999), was a political leader, anti-apartheid revolutionary and philanthropist. He fought all adversities to end the discrimination between black & white. The racist national party imprisoned this future leader for 27 years. On his release in 1990 he was elected president of African National Congress. After 3 years he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his struggle to end apartheid. At 1994 he became the first black president of South Africa.